Model Minority Stereotype

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    1. Agbayani, A., & Takeuchi, D. T. (1989). Lim ited Access to Public Higher Education for Native Hawaiian and Filipino Students in Hawaii. In G. Yun (Ed.), A Look Beyond the Model Minority Image: Critical Issues in Asian America (pp. 126-134). New York, NY: Minority Rights Group Inc.[Download]
    2. Administrator. (2011, December 13). 20 Amazing Stats About Asian-American Achievement. Retrieved on December 14, 2011.[Download]
    3. Allred, N. C. (2007). Asian Americans and Affirmative Action: From Yellow Peril to Model Minority and Back Again. Asian American Law Journal, 14(1), 57-84. [Download]
    4. Adler, S. M. (2006). Problematizing Asian American Children as “Model” Students. In M. N.[Download]
    5. Ang, S. W. (2012). The Politics of Victimization and the Model Minority. CR: The New Centennial Review, 11(3), 119-140.[Download]
    6. Appiah, O., & Liu, Y. (2009). Reaching the Model Minority: Ethnic Differences in Responding to Culturally Embedded Targeted- and Non-Targeted Advertisements. Journal of Current Issues and Research in Advertising, 31(1), 27-41.[Download]
    7. Asher, N. (2001). Checking the box: The label “model minority.” In G. M. Hudak & P. Kihn(Eds.), Labeling: Pedagogy and Politics (pp. 75-92). New York, NY: Routledge Falmer.[Download]
    8. Asian American Center for Advancing Justice. (2011). A Community of Contrasts: Asian Americans in the United States 2011. New York, NY: Asian Pacific American Legal Center. Retrieved on November 22, 2011.[Download]
    9. Assalone, A. E., & Fann, A. (2016). Understanding the influence of model minority stereotypes on Asian American community college students. Community College Journal of Research and Practice, 1–14. Retrieved from [Download]
    10. Abraham, M. (2006). Model Minority and Marital Violence: South Asian Immigrants in the United States. In R. Mahalingam (Ed.), Cultural Psychology of Immigrants (pp. 197-216). Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.[Download]
    11. Alumkal, A. W. (2002). The Scandal of the “Model Minority” Mind? The Bible and Second-Generation Asian American Evangelicals. Semeia, 90(91), 237-250.[Download]
    12. Alvarez, A. N., Juang, L., & Liang, C. T. (2006). Asian Americans and Racism: When Bad Things Happen to “Model Minorities.” Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 12(3), 477-492.[Download]
    13. Aoki, A. L. (2000). Model Minority. In J. D. Schultz, K. L. Haynie, A. M. McCulloch, & A. L. Aoki (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Minorities in American Politics: African Americans and Asian Americans (pp. 309-310). Phoenix, AZ: Oryx Press.[Download]
    14. Allis, S. (1991, March 25). Kicking the Nerd Syndrome. Time, 137(12), 64-65.[Download]
    15. Andrews, J. L. (2009). From Internment to ‘Model Minority’: The Reintegration of Japanese Americans in United States Society after World War Two. [Thesis].[Download]
    16. Arana, A. M., & Smith, R. A. (2015). The model minority myth and its implications on Asian Americans. Retrieved from [Download]
    17. Austin, G. (2012). More than a “model minority.” Profiles In Diversity Journal, 14(3),56-61. [Download]
    18. Baker, B. D., Keller-Wolff, C., & Wolf-Wendel, L. (2000). Two steps forward, one step back: Race/ethnicity and student achievement in education policy research. Educational Policy, 14(4), 511-529.[Download]
    19. Balan, S., & Mahalingam, R. (2015). “Good Asian moms”: Engendering the model minority myth among Indian immigrant working women. In O. M. Espín & A. L. Dottolo (Eds.), Gendered journeys: Women, migration and feminist psychology (pp. 104–122). New York: Palgrave Macmillan.[Download]
    20. Beckett, G. H. (2007). What Contributes to Asian Model Minority Academic Success? An Ecological Perspective. New Waves: Educational Research and Development, 11(3), 7-10.[Download]
    21. Bell, M. P., Harrison, D. A., & McLaughlin, M. E. (1997). Asian American Attitudes Toward Affirmative Action in Employment: Implications for the Model Minority Myth. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 33(3), 356-377.[Download]
    22. Bascara, V. (2006). Model-Minority Imperialism. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press. [Download]
    23. Brydolf, C. (2009). Getting Real About the “Model Minority”: Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders Fight Their Stereotype. Education Digest: Essential Readings Condensed for Quick Review, 74(5), 37-44.[Download]
    24. Bucholtz, M. (2004). Styles and Stereotypes: The Linguistic Negotiation of Identity Among Laotian American Youth. Pragmatics, 14(2/3), 127-147.[Download]
    25. Bodywise (n.d.). Asian and Pacific Islander Girls: Eating Disorders Information Sheet. Retrieved on November 25, 2011.[Download]
    26. Bhatt, A. J. (2003). Asian Indians and the Model Minority Narrative: A Neocolonial System. In E. M. Kramer (Ed.), The Emerging Monoculture: Assimilation and the “Model Minority” (pp. 203-220). Westport, CT: Praeger.[Download]
    27. Bhattacharyya, S. (2001). From ‘Yellow Peril’ to ‘Model Minority’: The Transition of Asian Americans. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Mid-South Educational Research Association, Little Rock, AR, November 14-16, 2001. ERIC ED462462.[Download]
    28. Bradbury, A. (2013). From model minorities to disposable models: the de-legitimisation of educational success through discourses of authenticity. Discourse, 34(4) 548-561.[Download]
    29. Busto, R. V. (1996). The Gospel According to the Model Minority?: Hazarding an Interpretation of Asian American Evangelical College Students. Amerasia Journal, 22(1), 133-147.[Download]
    30. Bascara, V. (2008). Model Minority. In R. T. Schaefer (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society (pp. 910-912). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.[Download]
    31. Bell, D. A. (1985, July 15 & 22). America’s Greatest Success Story: The Triumph of Asian-Americans. The New Republic, 193, 24, 26, 28-31.[Download]
    32. Brand, D. (1987, August 31). The New Whiz Kids. Time, 130(9), 3, 42-46, 49, 51.[Download]
    33. Butterfield, F. (1986, August 3). Why Asians Are Going to The Head of The Class. The New York Times, EDUC18.[Download]
    34. Balan, S. (2009). Being Asians, Good “Moms,” and Great Workers: Investigating the Psychological Contours of Asian Indian Immigrant Women’s “Model Minority” Experience. [Dissertation].[Download]
    35. Bowman, E. (2008). Asian Students’ Perceptions of the Model Minority Label. [Thesis].[Download]
    36. Coalition for Asian American Children and Families (CACF). (2011). “We’re Not Even Allowed to Ask for Help”: Debunking the Myth of the Model Minority. New York, NY: Pumphouse Projects.[Download]
    37. Caplan, N., Choy, M. H., & Whitmore, J. K. (1992). Indochinese refugee families and academic achievement. Scientific American, 266(2), 36-42.[Download]
    38. Chae, H. S. (2004). Talking Back to the Asian Model Minority Discourse: Korean-Origin Youth Experiences in High School. Journal of Intercultural Studies, 25(1), 59-73.[Download]
    39. Chae, Y. (2008). Cultural Economies of Model Minority Creation. In Y. Chae, Politicizing Asian American Literature: Towards a Critical Multiculturalism (pp. 19-30). New York, NY: Routledge.[Download]
    40. Chang, B., & Au, W. (2007). You’re Asian, How Could You Fail Math? Unmasking the Myth of the Model Minority. Rethinking Schools, 22(2), 15-19.[Download]
    41. Chang, J. C. (2005). A Gesture Life: Reviewing the Model Minority Complex in a Global Context. Journal of American Studies, 37(1), 131-152.[Download]
    42. Chang, S. (2016). Is gay the new Asian?: Marriage equality and the dawn of a new model minority. Asian American Law Journal, 23(1), 5–38. Retrieved from [Download]
    43. Chen, C., & Stevenson, H. W. (1995). Motivation and mathematics achievement: A comparative study of Asian-American, Caucasian-American, and East Asian high school students.Child Development, 66(4),1215-1234.[Download]
    44. Chen, S. (2015). Madeline Y. Hsu. The Good Immigrants: How the Yellow Peril Became the Model Minority. The American Historical Review, 120(5), 1907–1908. Retrieved from[Download]
    45. Chinn, P. (2002). Asian and Pacific Islander Women Scientists and Engineers: A Narrative Exploration of Model Minority, Gender, and Racial Stereotypes. Journal of Research in Science Teaching, 39(4), 302-323.[Download]
    46. Cho, S., & Blair, K. C. (2015). The model minority and creating system-wide supports for underserved Asian-American students. In C. Hudley (Ed.), Adolescent identity and schooling: Diverse perspectives (pp. 67–80). New York: Routledge.[Download]
    47. Choi, D. H. (1992, Spring). The Other Side of the Model Minority Myth. Yisei Magazine, 5(2), 20-23,25,26.[Download]
    48. Choi, Y., & Lahey, B. B. (2006). Testing the Model Minority Stereotype: Youth Behaviors Across Racial and Ethnic Groups. Social Service Review, 80(3), 419-452.[Download]
    49. Chu, L. T. (1991). Who Are the Model Minorities among the Junior College Asian-American Subgroups?[Download]
    50. Conchas, G. Q., & Pérez, C. C. (2003). Surfing the “Model Minority” Wave of Success: How the School Context Shapes Distinct Experiences Among Vietnamese Youth. New Directions for Youth Development: Understanding the Social Worlds of Immigrant Youth, 100, 41-56.[Download]
    51. Crystal, D. (1989). Asian Americans and the Myth of the Model Minority. Social Casework: The Journal of Contemporary Social Work, 70(7), 405-413.[Download]
    52. Chang, I. (2003). The Bamboo Curtain Rises: Mainlanders and Model Minorities. In I. Chang, The Chinese in America: A Narrative History (pp. 312-333). New York, NY: Viking.[Download]
    53. Chang, M. J. (2011). Battle Hymn of the Model Minority Myth. Amerasia Journal, 37(2), 137-143.[Download]
    54. Chao, M. M., Chiu, C., & Lee, J. S. (2010). Asians as the Model Minority: Implications for US Government’s Policies. Asian Journal of Social Psychology, 13(1), 44-52.[Download]
    55. Chiu, P. K. (1988, May 16). The Myth of the Model Minority. U.S. News & World Report, 104, 7. [Download]
    56. Chou, C. (2008). Critique on the Notion of Model Minority: An Alternative Racism to Asian American? Asian Ethnicity, 9(3), 219-229.[Download]
    57. Chou, R. S. (2008). The White Myth of the Model Minority: Disguising Racial Oppression.Paper presented at the American Sociological Association 103 Annual Meeting, August1-4 2008.[Download]
    58. Chou, R. S., & Feagin, J. R. (2010). The Myth of the Model Minority: Asian Americans Facing Racism. Boulder, CO: Paradigm Publishers.[Download]
    59. Chang, C. (1998). Streets of Gold: The Myth of the Model Minority. In G. Colombo, R. Cullen, & B. Lisle (Eds.), Rereading America: Cultural Contexts for Critical Thinking and Writing (4th ed.) (pp. 366-375). Boston, MA: Bedford Books.[Download]
    60. Cho, M. (1994). Overcoming our Legacy as Cheap Labor, Scabs, and Model Minorities. In K. Aguilar-San Juan (Ed.), The State of Asian America: Activism and Resistance in the 1990s (pp. 253-273). Boston, MA: South End Press.[Download]
    61. Chun, K. (1980, Winter/Spring). The Myth of Asian American Success and Its Educational Ramifications. IRCD Bulletin, 15(1&2), 1-12.[Download]
    62. Chen, M. S. (2005). Cancer Health Disparities among Asian Americans: What We Know and What We Need to Do. Cancer, 104(12), 2895-2902.[Download]
    63. Chen, M. S., & Hawks, B. L. (1995). A Debunking of the Myth of Healthy Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders. American Journal of Health Promotion, 9(4), 261-268.[Download]
    64. Cho, S. K. (1997). Converging Stereotypes in Racialized Sexual Harassment: Where the Model Minority Meets Suzie Wong. Journal of Gender, Race & Justice, 1(1), 178-211.[Download]
    65. Chun, K., & Zalokar, N. (1992). Civil Rights Issues Facing Asian Americans in the 1990s.Washington, DC: Commission on Civil Rights. Retrieved on December 21, 2011.[Download]
    66. Cohen, E. (2007, May 16). Push to Achieve Tied to Suicide in Asian-American Women.CNN.[Download]
    67. Cheng, L., & Yang, P. Q. (1996). Asians: The “Model Minority” Deconstructed. In R. Waldinger & M. Bozorgmehr (Eds.), Ethnic Los Angeles (pp. 305-344). New York, NY: Russell Sage Foundation.[Download]
    68. Cheng, A. W., Iwamoto, D. K., & McMullen, D. (2016, May). Model minority stereotype and the diagnosis of alcohol use disorders: Implications for practitioners working with Asian Americans. Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse, 1-18. Retrieved from[Download]
    69. Cheng, A. W., Chang, J., & O’Brien, J., Budgazad, M. S., & Tsai, J. (2016, May 31). Model minority stereotype: Influence on perceived mental health needs of Asian Americans. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 1–10. Retrieved from[Download]
    70. Cui, D. (2016). Heterogeneity and differentiation behind model minority discourse: Struggles of Chinese students in Canadian schools. In W. Ma & G. Li (Eds.), Chinese-heritage students in North American schools: Understanding hearts and minds behind test scores. New York: Routledge
    71. Chu, N. V. (1997). Re-Examining the Model Minority Myth: A Look at Southeast Asian Youth. The Berkeley McNair Journal, 5, 167-176.[Download]
    72. Cunanan, V., Guerrero, A., & Minamoto, L. (2006). Filipinos and the Myth of Model Minority in Hawai’i: A Pilot Study. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Diversity in Social Work, 15(1/2). 167-192.[Download]
    73. Cheryan, S., & Bodenhausen, G. V. (2011). Model Minority. In S. M. Caliendo & C. D.McIlwain (Eds.), Routledge Companion to Race & Ethnicity (pp. 173-176). New York, NY: Routledge.[Download]
    74. Chen, C. (2012, December 19). Asians: Too Smart for Their Own Good? The New York Times [Op-Ed].[Download]
    75. Chau, C. (1996). A Model Minority: A Study of Selected Chinese Canadians and Their Strategies for Coping With Marginal Status in Canadian Education. [Thesis].[Download]
    76. Chao, M. M., Chiu, C., Chan, W., Mendoza-Denton, R., & Kwok, C. (2013). The model minority as a shared reality and its implication for interracial perceptions. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 4(2), 84-92. doi: 10.1037/a0028769[Download]
    77. Chen, A. (1998). The Model Minority Stereotype in the Media: A Personal Perspective[Dissertation].[Download]
    78. Chen, C. H. (2000). From Pariah to Paragon: Mormon and Asian American Model Minority Discourse in News and Popular Magazines. [Dissertations].[Download]
    79. Chen, J. L. (1995). The Internalization of the Model Minority Stereotype as a Predictor of Depression Among Chinese Americans. [Dissertation].[Download]
    80. Cheung, E. M-W. (2003). The Model Minority Myth: Voices of Chinese-American Mathematics Students and Their Approach to Mathematics. [Thesis].[Download]
    81. Chi, J. S. (2011). Teaching Korea: Modernization, Model Minorities, and American Internationalism in the Cold War Era. [Dissertation].[Download]
    82. Cho, H. (2011). The Relationship of Model Minority Stereotype, Asian Cultural Values, and Acculturation to Goal Orientation, Academic Self-Efficacy, and Academic Achievement in Asian American College Students. [Dissertation]. Retrieved on March 29, 2012.[Download]
    83. Chou, R. S. (2007). Malady of the “Model Minority”: White Racism’s Assault on the Asian American Psyche. [Thesis].[Download]
    84. Chao, M. M., Chiu, C., Chan, W., Mendoza-Denton, R., & Kwok, C. (2013). The model minority as a shared reality and its implication for interracial perceptions. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 4(2), 84-92. doi: 10.1037/a0028769[Download]
    85. Cobb, K. (1991, November 27). Asian Americans Reveal Dark Side of “Model Minority” Stereotype. The Houston Chronicle. A27.[Download]
    86. Chicago Tribune. (1998, January 3). What ‘Model Minority’ Doesn’t Tell. p. 18.[Download]
    87. Chen, C. (2012, December 19). Asians: Too Smart for Their Own Good? The New York Times [Op-Ed]. [Download]
    88. Cloud Atlas (2012). [Download]
    89. Chen, C. H., & Yorgason, E. (1997, August). Use of Asian American History in the News Media: The Discourse of “Model Minority.” Paper presented at the Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication—Minorities and Communication. Chicago, Illinois.[Download]
    90. Chen, C. H., & Yorgason, E. (1999). “Those Amazing Mormons”: The Media’s Construction of Latter-Day Saints as a Model Minority. Dialogue: A Journal of Mormon Thought, 32(2), 107-128.[Download]
    91. Chen, C. H. (2004). “Outwhiting the Whites”: An Examination of the Persistence of Asian American Model Minority Discourse. In R. A. Lind (Ed.), Race, Gender, Media:Considering Diversity Across Audiences, Content, and Producers (pp. 146-153). Boston,MA: Allyn and Bacon.[Download]
    92. Chen, C. H. (2004). Mormon and Asian American Model Minority Discourses in News and Popular Magazines. Lewiston, NY: Edwin Mellen Press.[Download]
    93. Chao, M. M, Chiu, C., Chan, W., Mendoza-Denton, R., & Kwok, C. (2012). The Model Minority as a Shared Reality and Its Implication for Interracial Perceptions. Asian American Journal of Psychology. 1-12. doi: 10.1037/a0028769.[Download]
    94. Chang, R. S., & Villazor, R. C. (2007). Testing the ‘Model Minority Myth’: A Case of Weak Empiricism. Northwestern University Law Review Colloquy, 101, 101-107.[Download]
    95. Chang, C. (1998). Streets of Gold: The Myth of the Model Minority. In G. Colombo, R. Cullen, & B. Lisle (Eds.), Rereading America: Cultural Contexts for Critical Thinking and Writing (4th ed.) (pp. 366-375). Boston, MA: Bedford Books.[Download]
    96. Choi, H. (2002). Asian-Americans as a Model Minority: Myth of Reality. Review of International and Area Studies, 11(4), 127-143.[Download]
    97. Dang, C-S. T. (2013). Endorsing the Model Minority Myth: A Fine Line Between Social Support, Parental Perfectionism and Depression Among Asian College Students. [Thesis].[Download]
    98. DeGuzman, G. R. (1998). The Impact of the Model Minority Myth in Higher Education. Journal of Student Affairs, 7(1), 85-91. [Download]
    99. Divoky, D. (1988, November). The Model Minority Goes to School. Phi Delta Kappan, 70(3), 219-222.[Download]
    100. D’Angelo, R., & Douglas, H. (2009). Are Asian Americans a Model Minority? In R. D’Angelo & H. Douglas (Eds.), Taking Sides: Clashing Views on Race and Ethnicity (7th ed., pp. 311-336). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill Higher Education.[Download]
    101. Danico, M. Y., & Ng, F. (2004). Asian Americans: A Model Minority? In M. Y. Danico and F. Ng, Asian American Issues (pp. 23-46). Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.[Download]
    102. Dhingra, P. (2007). Model Americans and Minorities: Racial Identities and Responses to Racism. In P. Dhingra, Managing Multicultural Lives: Asian American Professionals and the Challenge of Multiple Identities (pp. 84-123), Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.[Download]
    103. Dhingra, P. H. (2015). Collective action, mobility, and shared struggles: how the so-called model minority can come to deny the myth. Identities: Global Studies in Culture and Power. doi: 10.1080/1070289X.2015.1031235[Download]
    104. DiAlto, S. J. (2005). From “Problem Minority” to “Model Minority”: The Changing Social Construction of Japanese Americans. In A. L. Schneider & H. M. Ingram (Eds.), Deserving and Entitled: Social Constructions and Public Policy (pp. 81-103). Albany, NY: SUNY Press.[Download]
    105. Diouf-Kamara, S. (1997, Summer). The Senegalese in New York: A Model Minority? Black Renaissance, 1(2), 92-115.[Download]
    106. Delucchi, M., & Do, H. D. (1996). The Model Minority Myth and Perceptions of Asian-Americans as Victims of Racial Harassment. College Student Journal, 30(3), 411-414.[Download]
    107. Dailsay, F. S. (2006). The Implications of the Asian American “Model Minority” Stereotype on Perceptions of African Americans. [Thesis].[Download]
    108. Diamond, R. H. (2008). One Size Does Not Fit All: The Effect of the Model Minority Stereotype on the Academic Journeys of Ten Chinese American and Korean American Women. [Dissertation].[Download]
    109. Dillin, J. (1985, October 10). Asian-Americans: Soaring Minority. The Christian Science Monitor.[Download]
    110. Daseler, R. (2000). Asian Americans Battle “Model Minority” Stereotype. In A. Minas (Ed.), Gender Basics: Feminist Perspectives on Women and Men (2nd ed.) (pp. 45-49). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.[Download]
    111. Dong, L. (2015). The model minority between medical school and Nintendo. In M. Chiu (Ed.), Drawing new color lines: Transnational Asian American graphic narratives (pp. 69-86). Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press. Retrieved on November 10, 2014, from[Download]
    112. Dong, L. (2015). The model minority between medical school and Nintendo. In M. Chiu (Ed.), Drawing new color lines: Transnational Asian American graphic narratives (pp. 69-86). Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press.
    113. D, T. (2011). The Model Minority: Asian-American Youth and the Harmful Perpetuation of a Cultural Myth. Student Pulse, 3(9), 1-3[Download]
    114. Ecklund, E. (2005). ‘Us’ and ‘Them’: The Role of Religion in Mediating and Challenging the ‘Model Minority’ and Other Civic Boundaries. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 28(1), 132-150.[Download]
    115. Ecklund, E. H., & Park, J. Z. (2005). Asian American Community Participation and Religion: Civic “Model Minorities?” Journal of Asian American Studies, 8(1), 1-21.[Download]
    116. Endo, R. (1974). Japanese Americans: The “Model Minority” In Perspective. In R. Gomez & C. Cottingham (Eds.), The Social Reality of Ethnic America (pp 189-213). Lexington, MA: DC Heath and Company.[Download]
    117. Endo, G. T., & Della-Piana, C. K. (1981). Japanese Americans, Pluralism, and the Model Minority Myth. Theory Into Practice, 20(1), 45-51.[Download]
    118. Eguchia, S., & Starosta, W. (2012). Negotiating the Model Minority Image: Performative Aspects of College-Educated Asian American Professional Men. Qualitative Research Reports in Communication, 13(1), 88-97. [Download]
    119. Education Trust. (2010). Overlooked and Underserved: Debunking the Asian “Model Minority” Myth in California Schools [Policy Brief]. Oakland, CA: Education Trust West. Retrieved on December 18, 2011[Download]
    120. Edles, L. D. (2004). Rethinking ‘Race’, ‘Ethnicity’ and ‘Culture’: Is Hawai‘i the ‘Model Minority’ State. Ethnic and Racial Studies, 27(1), 37-68.[Download]
    121. Edles, L. D. (2003). “Race,” “Ethnicity,” and Culture” in Hawai‘i: The Myth of the “Model Minority” State. In L. I. Winters & H. L. DeBose (Eds.), New Faces in a Changing America: Multiracial Identity in the 21st Century (pp. 222-246). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.[Download]
    122. Empleo, A. C. (2006). Disassembling the Model Minority: Asian Pacific Islander Identities and Their Schooling Experiences. Multicultural Perspectives, 8(3), 46-50. [Download]
    123. Eng, P., & Layne, P. (2002). Asian American Engineers: A Model Minority? SWE, 2, 96-100.[Download]
    124. Fong, T. P. (2008). (3rd ed.). The Contemporary Asian American Experience: Beyond the Model Minority. Upper Saddle River, N.J: Prentice Hall.[Download]
    125. Fong, C. (1995). The Model Minority. In F. Ng (Ed.), Asian American Encyclopedia (pp. 1072-1086). New York, NY: Marshall Cavendish.[Download]
    126. Freedman, J. (2005). Transgressions of a Model Minority. Shofar: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Jewish Studies, 23(4), 69-97.[Download]
    127. Farole, S. (2011). Social Justice Implications of the Model Minority. McNair Scholars Journal, 10, 69-78.[Download]
    128. Fong, T. (1987, June/July). Undocumented Asians shadowed by spotlight on ‘model minority.’ Mediafile, 8(3) 1, 9 .[Download]
    129. Fujino, D. C. (2015). Black militants and Asian American model minorities: Contesting oppositional representations; or, on Afro-Asian solidarities. Kalfou, 2(1), 97–116.
    130. Galindo, C., & Pong, S. (2011). Tenth Grade Math Achievement of Asian Students: Are Asian Students Still the “Model Minority”?—A Comparison of Two Educational Cohorts. In X. L. Rong & R. Endo (Eds.), Asian American Education—Identities, Racial Issues, and Languages (pp. 1-29). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.[Download]
    131. Ganahl, D. J., Ge, L., & Kim, K. (2003). Stereotyping the “Model Minority”: A Longitudinal Analysis of U.S. Primetime Network Commercials, Comparing Asian Female and Male Characters to Themselves and Others. [Conference Proceeding].[Download]
    132. Gotanda, N. (1995). Re-Producing the Model Minority Stereotype: Judge Joyce Karlin’s Sentencing Colloquy in People v. Soon Ja Du. In W. L. Ng, S. Chin, J. S. Moy, & G. Y Okihiro (Eds.), ReViewing Asian America: Locating Diversity (pp. 87-106). Pullman, WA: Washington State University.[Download]
    133. Gran Torino (2008).[Download]
    134. Goto, S. G., & Abe-Kim, J. (1998). Asian Americans and the Model Minority Myth. In T. M. Singelis (Ed.), Teaching About Culture, Ethnicity, & Diversity: Exercises and Planned Activities (pp. 151-157). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.[Download]
    135. Gupta, A., Szymanski, D., & Leong, F. (2011). The “Model Minority Myth”: Internalized Racialism of Positive Stereotypes as Correlates of Psychological Distress, and Attitudes Toward Help-Seeking. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 22(2), 101-114.[Download]
    136. Gu, L. (1999). Model Minority?: An Analysis of Asian Women in the U.S. Labor Force[Thesis].[Download]
    137. Gupta, A. (2010). Acculturation and Asian Values as Moderators of the Relationship Between Endorsement of Positive Stereotypes and Asian’s Subjective Overachievement, Psychological Distress, Well-Being, and Attitudes Toward Help Seeking: An Analysis of the “Model Minority Myth.” [Dissertation].[Download]
    138. Graubard, S. G. (1988, January 29). Why Do Asian Pupils Win Those Prizes? The New York Times, A35.Givens, R. (1984, April 15). The Drive to Excel: Strong Families and Hard Work Propel Asian-Americans to the Top of the Class. Newsweek On Campus. 4-13.[Download]
    139. Graham, J. (2009, April 2). Asian American Suicides Spark Concern. Chicago Tribune.[Download]
    140. Guillermo, E. (2011). Advancing the Race Conversation: Chinese Man vs. Model Minority.Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, 28(10), 20.[Download]
    141. Green, D. O., & Kim, E. (2005). Experiences of Korean Female Doctoral Students in Academe: Raising Voice Against Gender and Racial Stereotypes. Journal of College Student Development, 46(5), 487-500.[Download]
    142. Gilbert, G. R. (2003). Is Business Mistreating America’s Model Minority? Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 33(8), 1571-1587.[Download]
    143. Gee, H. (2009). Review Essay: Asian Americans, Critical Race Theory, and the End of the Model Minority Myth. Temple Political & Civil Rights Law Review, 19(1), 149-186.[Download]
    144. Gym, H. (2011, Summer). Tiger Moms and the Model Minority Myth. Rethinking Schools, 25(4), 34-35.[Download]
    145. Gamboa, S. (2013). Asian-Americans seek to move beyond ‘model minority’ myth.Community College Week, 25(23), 13.[Download]
    146. Hartlep, N. D. (2014, May 12). Are Asian Americans Really a Model Minority? A National Look at Endowed Professors of Education. Diverse: Issues in Higher Education. Retrieved from [Download]
    147. Hartlep, N. D. (2014). Asian (American) Model Minorities. Studies on Asia, 4(1), 1-6. Retrieved from [Download]
    148. Hartlep, N. D. (2014). Modern Em(body)ments of the Model Minority in South Korea. Studies on Asia, 4(1), 108-123. Retrieved from[Download]
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    151. Hartlep, N. D. (2014). Lost Among Caucasians: The Lethal Fallacy of the Model Minority Stereotype. Profiles in Diversity, 16(3), 32-33. Retrieved from [Download]
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    156. Hartlep, N. D. (2012). “Reading the word and the world”: What does the media really think about the “model minority”? Journal of Media Studies, 27(2), 166–179.
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    184. Hawkins, N. (2009). Becoming a Model Minority: The Depiction of Japanese Canadians in the Globe and Mail, 1946-2000. Canadian Ethnic Studies, 41(1-2), 137-154.[Download]
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    190. Inkelas, K. K. (2006). Racial Attitudes and Asian Pacific Americans: Demystifying the Model Minority. New York, NY: Routledge.[Download]
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    192. Iijima, C. K. (1998). Reparations and the “Model Minority” Ideology of Acquiescence: The Necessity to Refuse the Return to Original Humiliation. Boston College Law Review, 40(1), 385-427.[Download]
    193. Inkelas, K. K. (2000). Demystifying the Model Minority: The Influences of Identity and the College Experience on Asian Pacific American Undergraduates’ Racial Attitudes. [Dissertation].[Download]
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    198. Johnson, B. D., & Betsinger, S. (2009). Punishing the “Model Minority”: Asian-American Criminal Sentencing Outcomes in Federal District Courts. Criminology, 47(4), 1045-1090.[Download]
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    204. Kato, N. R. (1999). Asian Americans Defy “Model Minority” Myth. In Y. Alaniz & N. Wong (Eds.), Voices of Color (pp. 150-153). Seattle, WA: Red Letter Press.[Download]
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    208. Kobayashi, F. (1999). Model Minority Stereotype Reconsidered. ERIC Document ID: ED434167.[Download]
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    210. Koo, D. K. (2003). Testing Assumptions: IQ, Japanese Americans, and the Model Minority Myth in the 1920s and 1930s. In S. Chan (Ed.), Remapping Asian American History (pp. 69-85). Walnut Creek, CA: AltaMira Press.[Download]
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    212. Kawai, Y. (2005). Stereotyping Asian Americans: The Dialectic of the Model Minority and Yellow Peril. Howard Journal of Communications, 16(2), 109-130.[Download]
    213. Kibria, N. (2002). The Model Minority at Work. In N. Kibria, Becoming Asian American:Second-Generation Chinese and Korean American Identities (pp. 131-158). Baltimore,MD: Johns Hopkins University Press.[Download]
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    215. Kim, L. S. (2008). Continuing Significance of the Model Minority Myth: The Second Generation. Social Justice, 35(2), 134-144.[Download]
    216. Kim, P. S. (1994). Myth and Realities of the Model Minority. The Public Manager, 23(3), 31-35.[Download]
    217. Kim, R. Y., & Im. H. (2008). Looking Beyond the Model Asian Family Images: The Case of Korean American Immigrant Marriages and Families. Paper presented at the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting. Pp. 1-23.[Download]
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    228. Kelsey, M. E. (1994). Welfare Policies and Racial Stereotypes: The Structural Construction of a Model Minority. Exploration in Ethnic Studies, 17(1), 63-78.[Download]
    229. Koo, D. J., Peguero, A. A., & Shekarkhar, Z. (2012). The “Model Minority” Victim:Immigration, Gender, and Asian American Vulnerabilities to Violence at School. Journal of Ethnicity in Criminal Justice, 10(2), 129-147.[Download]
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    231. Kim, D. (2013). Model Minority. [Thesis]. University of Maryland, College Park.[Download]
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    234. Lee, P. A, & Ying, Y. (2001). Asian American Adolescents’ Academic Achievement: A Look Behind the Model Minority Image. Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment, 3(3/4), 35-48 [Download]
    235. Lee, R. G. (1999). The Model Minority as Gook. In R. G. Lee, Orientals: Asian Americans in Popular Culture (pp. 180-203). Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press. [Download]
    236. Lee, S. J. (2003). Model Minorities and Perpetual Foreigners: The Impact of Stereotyping on Asian American Students. In M. Sadowski (Ed.), Adolescents at School: Perspectives on Youth, Identity, and Education (pp. 41-49). Cambridge, MA: Harvard Education Press. [Download]
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    240. Lee, S. J. (2005). Up Against Whiteness: Race, School, and Immigrant Youth. New York, NY: Teachers College Press.[Download]
    241. Lee, S. J. (2001). More than “Model Minorities” or “Delinquents”: A Look at Hmong Americans High School Students. Harvard Educational Review, 71(3), 505-528[Download]
    242. Loh, L. M. (2013). Reaction to: Asian Americans and affirmative action: Why affirming affirmative action won’t hurt “the model minority.” The Georgetown Journal of Law and Modern Critical Race Perspectives, 5(2), 139-140.[Download]
    243. Lee, S. J., & Kumashiro, K. (2005). A Report on the Status of Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders in Education: Beyond the “Model Minority” Stereotype. Washington, DC: National Education Association.[Download]
    244. Lew, J. (2004). The “Other” Story of the Model Minorities: Korean American High School Dropouts in an Urban Context. Anthropology of Education Quarterly, 35(3), 297-311.[Download]
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    246. Lee, R. G. (2010). The Cold War Origins of the Model Minority Myth. In J. Y.-S. Wu & T. C. Chen (Eds.), Asian American Studies Now: A Critical Reader (pp. 256-271). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press. [Download]
    247. Lee, S. J., Wong, N. A., Alvarez, A. N. (2009). The Model Minority and the Perpetual Foreigner: Stereotypes of Asian Americans. In N. Tewari & A. N. Alvarez (Eds.), Asian American Psychology: Current Perspectives (pp. 69-85). New York, NY: Psychology Press.[Download]
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    251. Lindsay, K. (2014). Beyond “Model Minority,” “Superwoman,” and “Endangered Species”: Theorizing Intersectional Coalitions among Black Immigrants, African American Women, and African American Men. Journal of African American Studies. doi: 10.1007/s12111-014-9286-5[Download]
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    259. Lam, D., & Vang, P. N. (2012). Distorted Views and Perceptions of Asian American College Students Under the Model Minority Stereotype. [Thesis].[Download]
    260. Le, J. A. (2003). Model Minority Deviance: Asian Americans in Juvenile Hall. [Thesis].[Download]
    261. Lee, K. (2012). The Tiger Mother and Model Minority: How the Asian American Parent-Adolescent Relationship Affects Mental Health and Education. [Thesis].[Download]
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    263. Leung, B. (1997). Not Your Model Minority: Asian/Asian-American Crime and Gangs. [Thesis].[Download]
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    271. Lew, J. W., Chang, J. C., & Wang, W. W. (2005). UCLA Community College Review: The Overlooked Minority: Asian Pacific American Students at Community Colleges. Community College Review, 33(2), 64-84.[Download]
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    273. Lo, M. (2008). Model Minorities, Models of Resistance: Native Figures in Asian Canadan Literature. Canadian Literature, 196(1), 96-112.[Download]
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    275. Li, G. (2009). Behind the “Model Minority” Mask: A Cultural Ecological Perspective on a High Achieving Vietnamese Youth’s Identity and Socio-Emotional Struggles. In C. C. Park, R. Endo, & X. L. Rong (Eds.), New Perspectives on Asian American Parents, Students, and Teacher Recruitment (pp. 165-192). Charlotte, NC: Information Age Publishing.[Download]
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    283. Metzger, K. T. (1997). Ideological Aspects of Stereotyping Asian Americans as a “Model Minority” in Mass Media. [Thesis].[Download]
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    294. Mayeda, D. T. (1999). From Model Minority to Economic Threat: Media Portrayals of Major League Baseball Pitchers Hideo Nomo and Hideki Irabu. Journal of Sport and Social Issues, 23(2), 203-217.[Download]
    295. Martinelli, P. C., & Nagasawa, R. (1987). A Further Test of the Model Minority Thesis: Japanese Americans in a Sunbelt State. Sociological Perspectives, 30(3), 266-288.[Download]
    296. Mannur, A. (2005). Model Minorities Can Cook: Fusion Cuisine in Asian America. In S. Davé, L. Nishime & T. G. Oren (Eds.), East Main Street: Asian American Popular Culture (pp. 72-94). New York, NY: New York University Press.[Download]
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    298. Mahalingam, R. (2013). Misidentification, Misembodiment and the Paradox of Being a Model Minority. Sikh Formations: Religion, Culture, Theory, 8(3), 299-304.[Download]
    299. Maddux, W. M., Gallinsky, A. D., Cuddy, A. J. C., & Polifroni, M. (2008). When Being a Model Minority is Good…and Bad: Realistic Threat Explains Negativity Toward Asian Americans. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 34(1), 74-89.[Download]
    300. McIlwain, C. D., & Johnson, L. (2003). Headache and Heartbreak: The Elusiveness of “Model Minority” Status Attainment for African Americans. In E. M. Kramer (Ed.), The Emerging Monoculture: Assimilation and the “Model Minority” (pp. 110-123). Westport, CT: Praeger.[Download]
    301. Nadal, K. L., Pituc, S. T., Johnston, M. P., & Esparrago, T. (2010). Overcoming the Model Minority Myth: Experiences of Filipino American Graduate Students. Journal of College Student Development, 51(6), 694-706[Download]
    302. Mahalingam, R., & Haritatos, J. (2010). Gender and Model Minority Myth and Psychological Well-Being of Asian Americans. Unpublished Manuscript, University of Michigan. [Download]
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    304. Marbley, A. F. (2011). The Asian and Asian American Client’s Story: The Myth of the Model Minority. In A. F. Marbley, Multicultural Counseling: Perspectives from Counselors as Clients of Color (pp. 49-62). New York, NY: Routledge.[Download]
    305. Matthes, M (2007). Chinese Americans – A Model Minority? Munich, Germany: GRIN Publishing.[Download]
    306. McGowan, M. H., & Lindgren, J. T. (2003). Untangling the Myth of the Model Minority. Northwestern University School of Law: Public Law and Legal Theory Papers, paper 26,1-58. Retrieved on February 6, 2012 [Download]
    307. Mendoza, M. L. (2001). Model Minority Guilt. In V. Nam (Ed.), Yell-Oh Girls! Emerging Voices Explore Culture, Identity, and Growing Up Asian American (pp. 283-286). New York, NY: HarperCollins.[Download]
    308. Miller, F. P., Vandome, A. F., & McBrewster, J. (Eds.). (2009). Model Minority. Beau Bassin, Mauritus: Alphascript Publishing.[Download]
    309. Min, E. (2003). Demythologizing the “Model Minority.” In E. M. Kramer (Ed.), The Emerging Monoculture: Assimilation and the “Model Minority” (pp. 191-202). Westport, CT: Praeger.[Download]
    310. Muse, E. A. (2005). Separateness of Church: Counter-Culture and the Model Minority. In E. A. Muse, The Evangelical Church in Boston’s Chinatown: A Discourse of Language, Gender, and Identity (pp. 107-134). New York, NY: Routledge.[Download]
    311. Museus, S. D., & Kiang, P. N. (2009). Deconstructing the Model Minority Myth and How It Contributes to the Invisible Minority Reality in Higher Education Research. New Directions for Institutional Research, 142, 5-15.[Download]
    312. McIlwain, C. D., & Johnson, L. (2003). Headache and Heartbreak: The Elusiveness of “Model Minority” Status Attainment for African Americans. In E. M. Kramer (Ed.), The Emerging Monoculture: Assimilation and the “Model Minority” (pp. 110-123). Westport, CT: Praeger.[Download]
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    314. Nance, M. (2007). Unmasking the Model Minority Myth. Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, 24(22), 10-11. [Download]
    315. Nance, M. (2007). Combating the Model Minority Stereotype. Diverse: Issues in Higher Education, 24(15), 9. [Download]
    316. Ng, J. C., Lee, S. S., & Pak, Y. K. (2007). Contesting the Model Minority and Perpetual Foreigner Stereotypes: A Critical Review of Literature on Asian Americans in Education. Review of Research in Education, 31(1), 95-130.[Download]
    317. Ngo, B., & Lee, S. J. (2007). Complicating the Image of Model Minority Success: A Review of Southeast Asian American Education. Review of Educational Research, 77(4), 415-453.[Download]
    318. Nguyen, V. T. (2002). Model Minorities and Bad Subjects. In Race & Resistence: Literature & Politics in Asian America (pp. 143-171). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.[Download]
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    322. Navaratnam, S. (2011). Guilt, Shame and Model Minorities: How South Asian Youth in Toronto Navigate the Canadian Educational System. [Thesis].[Download]
    323. Nicole Dołowy-Rybińska,A Model Minority[Download]
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    325. Nguyen, D. N. (2006). Model Minority: A Study on the Background, the Myth, and a Re-Examination. [Thesis].[Download]
    326. Neimark, E. D. (1988, February 12). The New Protestant Ethic is the Asian Ethic. The New York Times [Letter to the Editor], A34.[Download]
    327. Navarette, R. (1989, May 28). Only ‘Model Minorities’ Need Apply. San Francisco Examiner, 20/Z1.[Download]
    328. Noh, M. S. (2013). From model minority to second-gen stereotypes: Korean Canadian and Korean American accounts. In M. W. Karraker (Ed.), The other people: Interdisciplinary perspectives on migration (pp. 107-118). New York, NY: Palgrave MacMillan..[Download]
    329. Nopper, T. K. (2014). Asian Americans, deviance, crime, and the model minority myth.In S. W. Bowman (Ed.), Color behind bars: Racism in the U.S. Prison system (pp. 207-243). Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger. Retrieved October 7, 2014, from.[Download]
    330. Okamura, J. Y. (2015). From the ‘yellow peril’ to the ‘model minority.’ Patterns of Prejudice, 49, 179–181 from .[Download]
    331. Pang, V. O., Han, P. P., & Pang, J. M. (2011). Asian American and Pacific Islander Students: Equity and the Achievement Gap. Educational Researcher, 40(8), 378-389.[Download]
    332. Park, G. C., & Lee, S. J. (2010). The Model Minority Myth Stereotype and the Underachiever: Academic and Social Struggles of Underachieving Korean Immigrant High School Students. In R. Saran & R. Diaz (Eds.), Beyond Stereotypes: Minority Children of Immigrants in Urban Schools (pp. 13-27). Boston, MA: Sense Publishers.[Download]
    333. Park, E. J. W., & Park, J. S. W. (2005). Engineering the Model Minority. In E. J. W. Park & J. S. W. Park, Probationary Americans: Contemporary Immigration Policies and the Shaping of Asian American Communities (pp. 97-106). New York, NY: Routledge.[Download]
    334. Parks, S. J., & Yoo, H. C. (2016). Does endorsement of the model minority myth relate to anti-Asian sentiments among White college students? The role of color-blind racial attitude. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 7(4), 287–294. Retrieved from [Download]
    335. Parpana, K. J. P. (2016, Spring). Not America’s next top model (minority): The advising experience of graduating Filipino students at a large public research institution. Thesis (M.A., Education [Higher Education Leadership])–California State University, Sacramento, 2016.[Download]
    336. Peng, L. (2005, December). The “Model Minority” Checklist. Hardboiled: The Asian American Newsmagazine, 9(3), 5. Retrieved on March 16, 2012.[Download]
    337. Panelo, N. D. (2010). The Model Minority Student: Asian American Students and the Relationships Between Acculturation to Western Values, Family Pressures, and Mental Health Concerns. The Vermont Connection, 31, 147-155.[Download]
    338. Park, C. (2011). Between a Myth and a Dream: The Model Minority Myth, the American Dream, and Asian Americans in Consumer Culture. [Dissertation].[Download]
    339. Patel, N. (2003). The Relationship between Acculturation and Internalization of the Model Minority Stereotype in a Sample of Asian American Undergraduate Students. [Thesis].[Download]
    340. Pope, J. J. (2005). Exploring the Origins of the Model Minority Myth: A Visual and Cultural Analysis of Idaho’s Japanese American Detainment Camp. [Thesis].[Download]
    341. Pon, G. (2000). Importing the Asian model minority discourse into Canada: Implications for social work and education. Canadian Social Work Review, 17(2), 277-291.[Download]
    342. Poy, K. (2000). The Model Minority Stereotype: The Cost of the American Dream for Asian Americans. [Thesis].[Download]
    343. Petersen, W. (1966, January 6). Success Story: Japanese American Style. The New York Times Magazine, 20-21, 33, 36, 38, 40.[Download]
    344. Page, C. (2007). Defining a New “Model Minority.” Oakland Tribune. [Op/Ed].[Download]
    345. Pimental, B. (2001, August 5). Model Minority Image is a Hurdle. San Francisco Chronicle,A25.[Download]
    346. Page, C. (1986, July 30). Asian Americans: Our ‘Model Minority?’ Chicago Tribune, 11.[Download]
    347. Page, C. (1987, November 18). Prejudice Follows Prominence for a ‘Model Minority.’ Chicago Tribune, Section 1, 21.[Download]
    348. Park, R. (2007). Neverperfect [DVD]. New York, NY: Cinema Guild.[Download]
    349. Pang, V. O., & Palmer, J. D. (2012). Model Minorities and the Model Minorities Myth. In J. A. Banks (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Diversity in Education (p. 1518). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.[Download]
    350. Poon, O. A., & Hune, S. (2009). Countering Master Narratives of the “Perpetual Foreigner” and “Model Minority”: The Hidden Injuries of Race and Asian American Doctoral Students. In M. F. Howard-Hamilton, C. L. Morelon-Quainoo, S. D. Johnson, R. Winkle-Wagner, & L. Santiague (Eds.), Standing on the Outside Looking In: Underrepresented Students’ Experiences in Advanced-Degree Programs (pp. 82-102). Sterling, VA: Stylus. [Download]
    351. Poon-McBrayer, K. F. (2011) Model Minority and Learning Disabilities: Double Jeopardy for Asian Immigrant Children in the USA. Global Studies of Childhood, 1(2), 152-158.[Download]
    352. Poon, O., Squire, D., Kodama, C., Byrd, A., Chan, J., Manzano, L., Furr, S., &
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    353. Park, G. (2011). Becoming a “Model Minority”: Acquisition, Construction and Enactment of American Identity for Korean Immigrant Students. Urban Review, 43(5), 620-635.[Download]
    354. Paek, H. J., & Shah, H. (2003). Racial Ideology, Model Minorities, and the “Not-So-Silent Partner:” Stereotyping of Asian Americans in U.S. Magazine Advertising. Howard Journal of Communications, 14(4), 225-243.      [Download]
    355. Qin, D. B., Way, N., & Rana, M. (2008). The “Model Minority” and Their Discontent: Examining Peer Discrimination and Harassment of Chinese American Immigrant Youth. In H. Yoshikawa & N. Way (Eds.), Beyond the family: Contexts of immigrant children’s development. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 121, 27–42.[Download]
    356. Qin, D. B., Way, N., & Mukherjee, P. (2008). The Other Side of the Model Minority Story: The Familial and Peer Challenges Faced by Chinese American Adolescents. Youth & Society, 39(4), 480-506[Download]
    357. Quindlen, A. (1987, February 22). The Drive to Excel. The New York Times Magazine, 32-40. [Download]
    358. Qin, D. B., Way, N., & Rana, M. (2008). The “Model Minority” and Their Discontent:Examining Peer Discrimination and Harassment of Chinese American Immigrant Youth. In H. Yoshikawa & N. Way (Eds.), Beyond the family: Contexts of immigrant children’s development. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 121, 27–42.[Download]
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    360. Rohrlick, J., Alvarado, D., Zaruba, K. (1998). From the Model Minority to the Invisible Minority: Asian & Pacific American Students in Higher Education Research. Paper presented at the Association for Institutional Research (AIR), May  1998[Download]
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    362. Rimando, R. H. (2011). Not Overrepresented: The Model Minority Stereotype at an Asian American Native American Pacific Islander Serving Institution. [Dissertation].[Download]
    363. Ramirez, A. (1986, November 24). America’s Super Minority. Fortune, 104, 148-149, 152, 156, 160, 161. [Download]
    364. Reglin, G. L., & Adams, D. R. (1990). Why Asian-American High School Students Have Higher Grade Point Averages and SAT Scores than Other High School Students. High School Journal, 73, 143-149.[Download]
    365. Roberts, S. (1985, December 19). Amazing Asians: The Secret of their Academic Success. The Columbia Flier. 18(28), 38-41. [Download]
    366. Rich, S. (1985, October 10). Asian Americans Outperform Others in School and Work: Census Data Outlines ‘Model Minority.’ Washington Post, A1 & A19.[Download]
    367. Rim, K. H. (2007). Model Victim, or Problem Minority? Examining the Socially Constructed Identities of Asian-Origin Ethnic Groups in California’s Media. Asian American Policy Review, 16, 37-60.[Download]
    368. Riess, J. (2011, October 4). A ‘Model Minority’ Blends In: Normal Mormons. Christian Century, 128(20), 22-25.[Download]
    369. Rigdon, J. E. (1991, July 10). Exploding Myth: Asian American Youth Suffer a Rising Toll from Heavy Pressures. Wall Street Journal, A1. [Download]
    370. Ryu, M. (2015). Understanding Korean transnational girls in high school Science classes: Beyond the model minority stereotype. Science Education, 99(2), 350–377. [Download]
    371. Saito, N. T. (1997). Model minority, yellow peril: Functions of foreignness in the construction of Asian American legal identity. Asian Law Journal, 71(4), 71-95. Retrieved from [Download]
    372. Sabato, T. (2016). Breaking the model minority stereotype: An exploration of Asian American and Pacific Islander student substance abuse. College Student Journal, 50(4), 477–488. Retrieved from [Download]
    373. Saran, R. (2007). Model Minority Imaging in New York: The Situation with Second Generation Asian Indian Learners in Middle and Secondary Schools. The Anthropologist: Special Issue, 2, 67-79. Retrieved on January 10, 2012.[Download]
    374. Saran, R. (Ed.). (2015). Navigating model minority stereotypes: Asian Indian youth in South Asian diaspora. New York: Routledge[Download]
    375. Schenck, A. D. (2013). Korea’s “model minority”: A case study of an American-Korean bilingual student’s challenges learning English in South Korea. Journal of International Education and Leadership, 13(3), 1-15.[Download]
    376. Skop, E. (2016). The model minority stereotype in Arizona’s anti-immigrant climate: SB1070 and discordant reactions from Asian Indian migrant organizations. GeoJournal, 9, 1–14.
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    378. Stanley, J. C. (1988, March/April). The Gifted Child Today: Do Asian Americans Tend to Reason Better Mathematically than White Americans. The Gifted Children Today, 11, 32.[Download]
    379. Teranishi, R. T. (2002). The Myth of the Super Minority: Misconceptions About Asian Americans. The College Board Review, 195, 17-21[Download]
    380. Saphir, A. (1997). Asian Americans and Cancer: Discarding the Myth of the “Model Minority.” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 89(21), 1572-1574.[Download]
    381. SPRC (Suicide Prevention Resource Center). (n.d.). Suicide Among Asian Americans/Pacific Islanders. Retrieved on December 10, 2011. [Download]
    382. Sue, S., Sue, D. W., Sue, L., & Takeuchi, D. T. (1995). Psychopathology Among Asian Americans: A Model Minority? Cultural Diversity and Mental Health, 1(1), 39-51.[Download]
    383. Sandosharaj, A. (2008). Ghetto Proclivities: Race and Class in a Model Minority Memoir [Dissertation].[Download]
    384. Shim, H. (1997). The Invisible “Model Minority”: Images of Koreans on American TV.[Thesis].[Download]
    385. Soodjinda, D. (2009). A Response to the Model Minority Thesis: Intragroup Differences Among Asian American College Students in the Los Angeles Community College District. [Dissertation].[Download]
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    387. Sun, J. (1999). Assessing the “Model Minority” and the “Yellow Peril” Images of Asian Americans: A Content Analysis of Major Newspapers’ Coverage of Asian Americans, 1990 throughout 1997. [Dissertation].[Download]
    388. Sun, W. (2002). Perceptions of Minority Invisibility and Model Minority Status Among Selected Asian American Professionals. [Dissertation].[Download]
    389. Sun, Y. (2011). National Hero and Model Minority: Media Representations of Chien-Ming Wang in Taiwan and in the US, 2005 to 2009. [Thesis].[Download]
    390. Sun, J.(2015). Home in the making: The foreign doctor and the model minority myth in Abraham Verghese’s my own country. Interdisciplinary Literary Studies, 17(2),426–439[Download]
    391. Still, T. (1998, March/April). Whiz Kid. Brown Alumni Magazine. 17. [Download]
    392. Strayhorn, T. (2014). Behind the model minority myth: Interrogating the lived experiences of Korean American gay men in college. Journal of College Student Development, 55(6), 586-594. Retrieved from [Download]
    393. Sheppard, R. (1992, February 3). Kitchen Table the Key to Success. The Globe and Mail, A11.[Download]
    394. Seligman, D. (1991, April 15). Is America Smart Enough? National Review, 43(6), 24-31.[Download]
    395. Simon, S. (2012, June 23). Behind The ‘Model Minority,’ An American Struggle. National Public Radio.[Download]
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    397. Shrake, E. K. (2006). Unmasking the Self: Struggling with the Model Minority Stereotype and Lotus Blossom Image. In G. Li & G. H. Beckett (Eds.), “Strangers” of the Academy: Asian Women Scholars in Higher Education (pp. 178-194). Sterling, VA: Stylus.[Download]
    398. Suzuki, B. H. (1980). Education and the Socialization of Asian Americans: A Revisionist Analysis of the “Model Minority” Thesis. In R. Endo, S. Sue, & N. N. Wagner (Eds.), Asian-Americans: Social and Psychological Perspectives, Vol. II (pp. 155-175). Ben Lomond, CA: Science and Behavior Books.[Download]
    399. Suzuki, B. H. (2002). Revisiting the Model Minority Stereotype: Implications for Student Affairs Practice and Higher Education. In M. K. McEwen, C. M. Kodama, A. N. Alvarez, S. Lee, & C. T. H. Liang (Eds.), Working with Asian American College Students: New Directions for Student Services (vol. 97, pp. 21-32). San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.[Download]
    400. Suzuki, B. H. (1989). Asian Americans as the “Model Minority”: Outdoing Whites? Or Media Hype? Change, 21(6), 13-19. [Download]
    401. Suyemoto, K. L., Kim, G. S., Tanabe, M., Tawa, J., & Day, S. C. (2009). Challenging the Model Minority Myth: Engaging Asian American Students in Research on Asian American College Student Experiences. New Directions for Institutional Research, 142, 41-55.[Download]
    402. Sun, C., Miezan, E., & Liberman, R. (2009). Model Minority/Honorable Eunuch: The Dual Image of Asian American Men in the Media and Everyday Perception. In R. Hammer & D. Kellner (Eds.), Media/Cultural Studies: Critical Approaches (pp. 516-536). New York, NY: Peter Lang Publishing Group.[Download]
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    404. Shida, N. (2007). Becoming a Model Minority: The Portrayal of Japanese Canadians from 1946-2000. Paper presented at the American Sociological Association Annual Meeting, New York, NY, August 11-14, 2007. [Download]
    405. Sakamoto, A., Takei, I., & Woo, H. (2012). The Myth of the Model Minority Myth. Sociological Spectrum, 32(4), 309-321[Download]
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    407. Saphir, A. (1997). Asian Americans and Cancer: Discarding the Myth of the “Model Minority.” Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 89(21), 1572-1574.[Download]
    408. Sanada, S. (2013). Becoming a Model Minority: Schooling Experiences of Ethnic Koreans in China [Book Review]. Power and Education, 5(2), 200-201. [Download]
    409. Tang, M. (2007). Psychological Effects on Being Perceived as a “Model Minority” for Asian Americans. New Waves: Educational Research and Development, 11(3), 11-16.[Download]
    410. Thompson, T. L., & Kiang, L. (2010). The Model Minority Stereotype: Adolescent Experiences and Links With Adjustment. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 1(2), 119-128.[Download]
    411. Thompson, T. L., Kiang, L., & Witkow, M. R. (2016). “You’re Asian; You’re supposed to be smart”: Adolescents’ experiences with the model minority stereotype and longitudinal links with identity. Asian American Journal of Psychology, 7(2) 108–119.[Download]
    412. Tak, Y. S. (1992). Asian Americans as the Model Minority: The Stereotype. [Thesis].[Download]
    413. Tandana, C. (2012). The Asian American Dream?: Perspectives From the “Model Minority” In Flushing, Queens. [Thesis].[Download]
    414. Taniguchi, C. A. (2000). Perceptions of Achievement in “Model Minority” Undergraduates [Dissertation].[Download]
    415. Thompson, T. L. (2009). Portrait of a Stereotype: Asian Americans’ Experiences with the Model Minority Stereotype During Adolescence. [Dissertation].[Download]
    416. Tsuru, W. A. (2001). Social Identity Salience and the Effects of Stereotype Consensus in Asian Americans: Revisiting the Model Minority Myth. [Thesis].  [Download]
    417. Toth, R. C. (1977, October 17). Japanese in U.S. Outdo Horatio Alger. Los Angeles Times, 96, 10-11.[Download]
    418. TEDx Redefining “Model Minority” –Prerna Lal (2012).[Download]
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    425. Tran, B. (2016). The impact of the model minority culture in higher education institutions: The cause of Asian Americans’ psychological and mental health. In N. P. Ololube (Ed.), Handbook of Research on Organizational Justice and Culture in Higher Education Institutions (pp. 282–323). Hershey, PA: IGI. Retrieved from[Download]
    426. Uba, L. (1994). Psychopathology in the “Model Minority.” In L. Uba, Asian Americans: Personality Patterns, Identity, and Mental Health (pp. 158-195). New York, NY: Guilford Press.[Download]
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    428. Ueda, R. (1989). False Modesty: The Curse of Asian American Success. The New Republic, 201(1), 16-17.[Download]
    429. Unnatural Causes…Is Inequality Making Us Sick? [DVD]. (2001). San Francisco, CA:California Newsreel. [Download]
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    431. Tamura, L. (1995). The Asian-American Man: The Model Minority? In R. L. Cooper (Ed.), We Stand Together: Reconciling Men of Different Color (pp. 61-78). Chicago, IL: Moody Press.[Download]
    432. Takagi, D. Y. (1992). Diversity, Merit, and the Model Minority: “Good but Not Exceptional Students.” In D. Y. Takagi, The Retreat from Race: Asian-American Admissions and Racial Politics (pp. 57-83). New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.[Download]
    433. Takaki, R. (2007). Asian Americans: The Myth of the Model Minority. In J. H. Skolnick & E. Currie (Eds.), Crisis in American Institutions (pp. 148-154). Boston, MA: Pearson/Allyn and Bacon.[Download]
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    438. Tendulkar, S. A., Hamilton, R. C., Chu, C., Arsenault, L., Duffy, K., Huynh, V., Hung, M., Lee,E., Jane, S., & Friedman, E. (2011). Investigating the “Model Minority”: A Participatory Community Health Assessment of Chinese and Vietnamese Adults. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health. Advance online publication. pp. 1-8. doi:10.1007/s10903-011- 9517-y.[Download]
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